Search for a Birth Parent
Adoption research is a special type of genealogical study. It can be difficult and frustrating since names of birth parents are not always known. It can be emotionally draining. Yet, it is a search that many people are compelled to complete.
Patience, persistence, and knowledge are needed to locate the birth family. There are steps that you can take to successfully locate your birth family. They are
- Read a genealogical "how to" book and an adoption "how to" book,
- Obtain a copy of your birth certificate,
- Seek information about your birth
- Learn adoption laws for your state
- Obtain your "Non-identifying information"
- Trace the birth parent when you have a name, and
- Join organizations and mail lists that can help you with your search.
Read a genealogical "how to" book and an adoption "how to" book. These books have helped others in their search:
- Beginners Guide to Family History Research by Desmond Walls Allen. On-line at http://www.arkansasresearch.com/guideindex.htm.
- Lifeline: The Action Guide to Adoption Search, by Virgil L. Klunder, 1991. Explains the adoption process and how to organize your search, lists sources of information and records, and gives suggestions on how to identify and locate people. Government agencies, adoption help groups and legal issues are listed by state. Contains sections on searching internationally and searching for individuals of various ethnic backgrounds. Sample letters are included. Forum Library call number: R929.11/Klu.
Obtain a copy of your birth certificate.
Since June 2000, Oregon adoptees can request a copy of their original birth certificate; the one that was sealed at their adoption. The fee is $20.00. Send your request to Oregon Vital Records, PO Box 14050, Portland, OR 97293-0050. See the web page at https://usvitalrecords.org/oregonhome.html
In other states, the laws are different, and often the birth certificate is an amended certificate. Still, it may contain important clues. Locate the office where you can order your birth certificate at the website for "Centers for Disease Control and Prevention" at http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/w2w.htm
Seek out information about your birth.
Interview everyone who may have some knowledge of your birth and adoption. Locate people who were present when you were an infant. They have memories that you do not have. They may recall small items, like a birth name that you were given. Begin a search diary where you record all of this information.
Learn adoption laws for your state. Are all adoption records closed? Can you obtain a copy of your birth certificate? Does the state allow for confidential intermediaries?
Two websites with information about adoption laws are:
Obtain your "Non-identifying information" from the agency that handled your adoption. Names are deleted, so it is "non-identifying." This file contains information about your adoptive family at the time of your birth.
If you were adopted in Oregon, the Adoption Services branch of the Department of Human Services maintains a website with information about non-identifying information. See their section called Voluntary adoption registry. Information about the state's Assisted Search Program ($400 fee) is also on this page.
If your adoption was handled by a private agency, the Coalition of Oregon Adoption Agencies provides weblinks to those. http://www.oregonadoptionagencies.org/members.html
Trace the birth parent when you have a name.
When you have a name of a person, you need to locate them. They probably moved, and privacy laws may limit your resources. Here are some resources that will help:
R. L. Polk city directories for Portland, East Portland, some other Oregon cities, Seattle, Washington, and some other Washington cities are in Oregon libraries. Polk city directories list residents by name, street address, and telephone number, and sometimes give occupation or employer. You can trace a person through the years to see when they were listed in the directories, their address, and sometimes where they worked.
Marriage & Divorce Indexes
Your birth parents may have married — either to each other or to someone else. In most states, indexes to marriages and divorces are public record, and you can look at them.
The Forum has the following Oregon marriage indexes in the fiche collection:
- Marriage, 1971 - 1989, listed by bride and by groom.
- Divorce, 1971-1989, listed by groom's name.
The Forum's Ancestry.com subscription on the society's computers provides access to numerous other marriage and divorce indexes.
A death index is a list of people who have died, and it is arranged by last name. If you locate a relative, you can obtain an obituary that may give information on your person. The Social Security Death Index (SSDI) lists deceased people who had a Social Security account, and for who the Social Security death benefit was claimed. The SSDI is on-line at http://www.rootsweb.com.
The Forum has the following death indexes in the microfilm and microfiche collections:
- Oregon, 1903-1970 (on microfilm) 1971-1992 (on microfiche)
- Washington, 1907-1987 (on microfilm)
- California, 1980-1984 (on microfiche).
Cemetery records may help you locate death dates for older relatives, and an obituary can lead to other relatives. The Forum has a large collection of Oregon cemetery records. Check with the Research Assistant at the desk for help in accessing these.
A useful online source is http://www.findagrave.com
Obituaries are a wonderful source of information about people. They are a mini-biography and usually list names of survivors and where they are living. The Library Association of Portland's newspaper index includes citations for published obituaries (not death or funeral notices). It is on fiche at the Forum (1920s - 1987). Newspapers included in this index are:
- Oregon Journal
- Portland Reporter
The above newspapers can be found on microfilm at the Multnomah County Library (Central branch - 801 SW 10th, Portland) and the Oregon Historical Library (1200 SW Park Ave, Portland).
The "Historic Oregon Newspapers Online" database on the University of Oregon's website has links to numerous Oregon newspapers. See http://libweb.uoregon.edu/diglib/odnp/online.html
The Forum has a collection of old Oregon phone books. Many towns that do not have a city directory are included in this collection.
There are a number of phone directories on the Internet. These will give the listing for people who are currently in phone books. One of the easiest to use is http://www.switchboard.com.
Organizations that can help.
The Forum offers classes in genealogical research methods. While they are not labeled, "adoption research," the techniques will work in adoption searches. Brochures for classes and seminars are posted in the Forum library and on this website.
This is a system for matching persons who desire contact with their next of kin by birth.
The International Soundex Reunion Registry (ISRR) is the nation's oldest and largest mutual consent reunion registry, and it is a free service.
International Soundex Reunion Registry (ISRR)
PO Box 2312
Carson City NV 89702-2312
For names of other reunion registries, go to Cyndi Howell's website. She maintains a large list of adoption "links." Find this at http://www.Cyndislist.com/adoption.htm
Connie Lenzen, CG